Centering a DIV Window with Cross-Browser JavaScript

by demtron on Wednesday, January 14, 2009 02:28 PM

Years ago, I wrote a little bit of JavaScript to position a DIV control in the center of a browser window space by calculating the browser area, the window size, then determine the coordinates of the place where the DIV would need to be placed.  Since I forgot where I put it and it brobably wouldn't be cross-browser compatible anyway (orginally written for IE 5/6), I searched the web and ran across this JavaScript centering code that accomplishes exactly that.  Here are the excerpts of the code needed to do this.


window.size = function()
{
var w = 0;
var h = 0;
//IE
if(!window.innerWidth)
{
//strict mode
if(!(document.documentElement.clientWidth == 0))
{
w = document.documentElement.clientWidth;
h = document.documentElement.clientHeight;
}
//quirks mode
else
{
w = document.body.clientWidth;
h = document.body.clientHeight;
}
}
//w3c
else
{
w = window.innerWidth;
h = window.innerHeight;
}
return {width:w,height:h};
}
window.center = function()
{
var hWnd = (arguments[0] != null) ? arguments[0] : {width:0,height:0};
var _x = 0;
var _y = 0;
var offsetX = 0;
var offsetY = 0;
//IE
if(!window.pageYOffset)
{
//strict mode
if(!(document.documentElement.scrollTop == 0))
{
offsetY = document.documentElement.scrollTop;
offsetX = document.documentElement.scrollLeft;
}
//quirks mode
else
{
offsetY = document.body.scrollTop;
offsetX = document.body.scrollLeft;
}
}
//w3c
else
{
offsetX = window.pageXOffset;
offsetY = window.pageYOffset;
}
_x = ((this.size().width-hWnd.width)/2)+offsetX;
_y = ((this.size().height-hWnd.height)/2)+offsetY;
return{x:_x,y:_y};
}

Here's some example code to show how it's supposed to be used:

 

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
<html>
<head>
<title></title>
<script type="text/javascript" src="Window.Size.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
function showCenter(point)
{
var div = document.createElement("div");
div.style.background = "#dedede";
div.style.position = "absolute";
div.style.top = point.y + "px";
div.style.left = point.x + "px";
div.style.width = "100px";
div.style.height = "100px";
document.body.appendChild(div);
}
</script>
</head>
<body>
<div style="height:1200px"></div>
<input type="button" value="Get Center" onclick="showCenter(window.center({width:100,height:100}))"/>
</body>
</html>

 


Control Focus, AJAX UpdatePanel Postback and Cursor Position

by demtron on Thursday, December 04, 2008 05:19 PM

When using ASP.Net AJAX to perform a postback from within a textbox input control, I found that the textbox loses focus after the postback.  To overcome this, I added the following code:

ScriptManager.GetCurrent(Me.Page).SetFocus(MyTextBox)

However, upon setting focus back to the textbox, the cursor lands at the beginning of the text in the control.  To solve this, just add the following JavaScript on the page or within window.setTimeout:

var textInput = $get('MyTextBox');
if (textInput.createTextRange)
{
    var range = textInput.createTextRange();
        range.moveStart('character', (textInput.value.length));
        range.collapse();
        range.select();
    }

Permission denied to set property xulelement.selectedIndex FireFox Error

by demtron on Thursday, December 04, 2008 04:38 PM

When using the JavaScript focus() method to set focus to an input element in FireFox, the following error may be produced:

Permission denied to set property xulelement.selectedIndex

This is a known bug in FireFox which, based on my research, was supposed to be fixed several versions ago.  To avoid this error, autocomplete needs to be turned off for the element in question.  This can be accomplished:

Via JavaScript, using element.setAttribute('autocomplete','off');

Or

Via HTML using autocomplete=”off”.

I have read that this error is also produced with the JavaScript select() method but have been unable to reproduce it.


Browser Detection for ASP.Net Ajax

by demtron on Tuesday, November 04, 2008 10:17 AM

Here's a class that I found in client-side Microsoft AJAX library for browser detection.  It's Sys.Browser.Agent.  For a while, it wasn't documenated anywhere in the Microsoft on-line documentation, but it must have just appeared recently at:

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc679064.aspx

One example of how this class can be used:

if (Sys.Browser.agent == Sys.Browser.InternetExplorer) 
    { 
    alert("Display this message for IE visitors");
    } 

For Sys.Browser.agent, the four values it can return are:

  • Sys.Browser.InternetExplorer
  • Sys.Browser.Firefox
  • Sys.Browser.Safari
  • Sys.Browser.Opera

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